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Revisiting oxidative stress and the use of organic selenium in dairy cow nutrition

Surai, P. F., Kochish, I. I., Fisinin, V. I. and Juniper, D. T. (2019) Revisiting oxidative stress and the use of organic selenium in dairy cow nutrition. Animals, 9 (7). 462. ISSN 2076-2615

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/ani9070462

Abstract/Summary

In commercial animal production productive stress can negatively impact health status and subseqeunt productive and reproductive performance. A great body of evidence demonstrates that as a conseuquence of productive stress an overproduction of free radicals, disturbance of redox balance/signaling, and oxidative stress are observed. There is a range of antioxidants that can be supplied with animal feed which help build and maintain the antioxidant defense system of the body responsible for prevention of the damaging effects of free radicals and the toxic products of their metabolism. Among feed-derived antioxidants, selenium (Se) is shown to have a special place as an essential part of 25 selenoproteins identified in animals. There is a comprehensive body of research in monogastric species that clearly shows that the Se bioavailability within the diet is very much dependent on the form of the element used. Organic Se, in the form of selenomethionine (SeMet), has been reported to be a much more effective Se source when compared with mineral forms, such as sodium selenite or selenate. It has been proposed that one of the main advantages of organic Se in pig and poultry nutrition is the non-specific incorporation of SeMet into general body proteins, thus forming an endogenous Se reserve that can be utilized during periods of stress for additional synthesis of selenoproteins. Responses in ruminant species to supplementary Se tends to be much more variable than those reported in monogastric species, and much of this variability may be a consequence of the different fates of Se forms in the rumen following ingestion. It is likely that the reducing conditions found in the rumen are responsible for the markedly lower assimilation of inorganic forms of Se, thus predisposing selenite-fed animals to potential Se inadequacy that may in turn compromise animal health and production. There is a growing body of evidence that demonstrates that organic Se has a number of benefits, particularly in dairy and beef animals; these include improved selenium and antioxidant status, and better Se transfer via the placenta, colostrum, and milk to the newborn. However, there is a paucity in the data concerning molecular mechanisms of SeMet assimilation, metabolism and selenoprotein synthesis regulation in ruminant animals, and as such further investigation is required.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Food Production and Quality Division > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)
ID Code:85000
Publisher:MDPI

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