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Phonon dynamics in the layered negative thermal expansion compounds CuxNi2-x(CN)4

d'Ambrumenil, S., Zbiri, M., Chippindale, A. and Hibble, S. (2019) Phonon dynamics in the layered negative thermal expansion compounds CuxNi2-x(CN)4. Physical Review B. ISSN 1098-0121 (In Press)

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Abstract/Summary

This study explores the relationship between phonon dynamics and negative thermal expansion (NTE) in CuxNi2-x¬(CN)4. The partial replacement of nickel (II) by copper (II) in Ni(CN)2 leads to a line phase, CuNi(CN)4 (x = 1), and a solid solution, CuxNi2-x¬(CN)4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5). CuNi(CN)4 adopts a layered structure related to that of Ni(CN)2¬ (x = 0), and interestingly exhibits 2D NTE which is ~ 1.5 times larger. Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements combined with first principles lattice dynamical calculations provide insights into the effect of Cu2+ on the underlying mechanisms behind the anomalous thermal behavior in all the CuxNi2-x¬(CN)4 compounds. The solid solutions are presently reported to also show 2D NTE. The INS results highlight that as the Cu2+ content increases in CuxNi2-x(CN)4, large shifts to lower energies are observed in modes consisting of localized in- and out-of-plane librational motions of the CN ligand, which contribute to the NTE in CuNi(CN)4. Mode Grüneisen parameters calculated for CuNi(CN)4 show that acoustic and low-energy optic modes contribute the most to the NTE, as previously shown in Ni(CN)2. However, mode eigenvectors reveal a large deformation of the [CuN4] units compared to the [NiC4] units, resulting in phonon modes not found in Ni(CN)2, whose NTE-driving phonons consist predominately of rigid-unit modes. The deformations in CuNi(CN)4 arise because the d9 square-planar center is easier to deform than the d8 one, resulting in a greater range of out-of-plane motions for the adjoining ligands.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Chemical Analysis Facility (CAF)
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:86271
Publisher:American Physical Society

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