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Zinc 1s valence-to-core X-ray emission spectroscopy of halozincate complexes

Clarke, C. J., Hayama, S., Hawes, A., Hallett, J. P., Chamberlain, T. W., Lovelock, K. R. J. and Besley, N. A. (2019) Zinc 1s valence-to-core X-ray emission spectroscopy of halozincate complexes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 123. pp. 9552-9559. ISSN 1520-5215

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.9b08037

Abstract/Summary

The Zn 1s valence-to-core (VtC) X-ray emission spectra of seven ionic liquids have been measured experimentally and simulated on the basis of time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) calculations. Six of the ionic liquids were made by mixing [C8C1Im]X and Zn(II)X2 at three different ZnX2 mole fractions (0.33, 0.50, or 0.67) for X = Cl or Br, and a further ionic liquid was made by mixing [P6,6,6,14]Cl and a mole fraction of ZnCl2 of 0.33. Calculations were performed for the [ZnX4] 2−, [Zn2X6] 2−, and [Zn4X10] 2− ions to capture the expected metal complex speciation. The VtC emission spectra showed three bands arising from singleelectron processes that can be assigned to emission from ligand p-type orbitals, zinc d-orbitals, and ligand s-type orbitals. For all seven ionic liquids, the highest occupied molecular orbital arises from the ligand p orbitals, and the spectra for the different size metal complexes for the same X were found to be very similar, in terms of both relative peak intensities and peak energies. For both experiments and TDDFT calculations, there was an energy difference of 0.5 eV between the Cl-based and Br-based metal complexes for the ligand s and p orbitals, while the Zn 3d orbital energies were relatively unaffected by the identity of the ligand. The TDDFT calculations find that for the ions with symmetrically equivalent zinc atoms ([Zn2X6] 2− and [Zn4X10] 2−), the most appropriate core-ionized reference state has a core-hole that is localized on a single zinc atom. In this framework, the spectra for the larger ions can be viewed as a sum of spectra for the tetrahedral complex with a single zinc atom with small variations in the structure of the coordinating ligands. Because the spectra are relatively insensitive to small changes in the geometry of the ligands, this is consistent with the small variation in the spectra measured in the experiment.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:87162
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)

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