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Predictability of Northern Hemisphere final stratospheric warmings and their surface impacts

Butler, A. H., Charlton-Perez, A., Domeisen, D. I.V., Simpson, I. R. and Sjoberg, J. (2019) Predictability of Northern Hemisphere final stratospheric warmings and their surface impacts. Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (17-18). pp. 10578-10588. ISSN 0094-8276

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1029/2019GL083346

Abstract/Summary

Each spring, the climatological westerly winds of the Northern Hemisphere (NH) stratospheric polar vortex turn easterly as the stratospheric equator‐to‐pole temperature gradient relaxes. The timing of this event is dictated both by the annual return of sunlight to the pole and by dynamical influences from the troposphere. Here we consider the predictability of NH final stratospheric warmings in multimodel hindcasts from the Subseasonal to Seasonal project database. We evaluate how well the Subseasonal to Seasonal prediction systems perform in capturing the timing of final warmings. We compare the predictability of early warmings (which are more strongly driven by wave forcing) and late warmings and find that late warmings are more skillfully predicted at longer lead times. Finally, we find significantly increased predictive skill of NH near‐surface temperature anomalies at Weeks 3–4 lead times following only early final warmings.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:87449
Publisher:American Geophysical Union

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