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Weak constraints in four-dimensional variational data assimilation

Watkinson, L.R., Lawless, A.S., Nichols, N.K. and Roulstone, I. (2007) Weak constraints in four-dimensional variational data assimilation. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 16 (6). pp. 767-776.

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2007/0249

Abstract/Summary

The formulation of four-dimensional variational data assimilation allows the incorporation of constraints into the cost function which need only be weakly satisfied. In this paper we investigate the value of imposing conservation properties as weak constraints. Using the example of the two-body problem of celestial mechanics we compare weak constraints based on conservation laws with a constraint on the background state.We show how the imposition of conservation-based weak constraints changes the nature of the gradient equation. Assimilation experiments demonstrate how this can add extra information to the assimilation process, even when the underlying numerical model is conserving.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Department of Meteorology
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Department of Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code:876

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