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Fate of pirlimycin and antibiotic resistance genes in dairy manure slurries in response to temperature and pH adjustment

Li, M. M., Ray, P., Knowlton, K. F., Pruden, A., Xia, K., Teets, C. and Du, P. (2020) Fate of pirlimycin and antibiotic resistance genes in dairy manure slurries in response to temperature and pH adjustment. Science of the Total Environment, 710. 136310. ISSN 0048-9697

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136310

Abstract/Summary

Quantifying the fate of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in response to physicochemical factors during storage of manure slurries will aid in efforts to reduce the spread of resistance when manure is land-applied. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of temperature (10, 35, and 55ºC) and initial pH (5, 7, 9, and 12) on the removal of pirlimycin and prevalence of ARGs during storage of dairy manure slurries. We collected and homogenized feces and urine from five lactating dairy cows treated with pirlimycin and prepared slurries by mixing manure and sterile water. Aliquots (200 ml) of slurry were transferred and incubated in 400 mL glass beakers under different temperatures (10, 35, and 55ºC) or initial pH (5, 7, 9, and 12). Pirlimycin concentration and abundances of 16S rRNA, mefA, tet(W), and cfxA as indicators of total bacteria and ARGs corresponding to macrolide, tetracycline, and β-lactam resistance, respectively, were analyzed during manure incubation. The thermophilic environment (55ºC) increased the deconjugation and removal of pirlimycin, while the acidic shock at pH 5 increased deconjugation but inhibited removal of pirlimycin, suggesting that the chemical stability of pirlimycin could be affected by temperature and pH. The thermophilic environment decreased mefA relative abundance on day 7 and 28 (P = 0.02 and 0.04), which indicates the bacteria that encoded mefA gene were not thermotolerant. Although mefA relative abundance was greater at the pH 9 shock than the rest of pH treatments on day 7 (P = 0.04), no significant pH effect was observed on day 28. The tet(W) abundance under initial pH 12 shock was less than other pH shocks on day 28 (P = 0.01), while no temperature effect was observed on day 28. There was no significant temperature and initial pH effect on cfxA abundance on each time point during incubation, implying that the bacteria that carrying cfxA gene might not be sensitive to these environmental factors. Overall, directly raising temperature and pH can facilitate pirlimycin removal and decrease mefA and tet(W) relative abundances during storage of manure slurries.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Food Production and Quality Division > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)
ID Code:88556
Publisher:Elsevier

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