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A machine learning assisted development of a model for the populations of convective and stratiform clouds

Hagos, S., Feng, Z., Plant, R. S. and Protat, A. (2020) A machine learning assisted development of a model for the populations of convective and stratiform clouds. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12 (3). e2019MS001798. ISSN 1942-2466

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1029/2019MS001798

Abstract/Summary

Traditional parameterizations of the interaction between convection and the environment have relied on an assumption that the slowly-varying large-scale environment is in statistical equilibrium with a large number of small and short-lived convective clouds. They fail to capture non-equilibrium transitions such as the diurnal cycle and theformation of meso-scale convective systems as well asobserved precipitation statisticsand extremes. Informed by analysis of radar observations, cloud-permitting model simulation, theory and machine learning, this work presents a new stochastic cloud population dynamics model for characterizing the interactions between convective and stratiform clouds,with the ultimate goal of informing the representation ofthese interactions in global climate models. 15 wet seasons of precipitating cloud observations by a C-band radar at Darwin, Australia are fed into a machine learning algorithm to obtain transition functions that close a set of coupled equation relating large-scale forcing, mass flux, the convective cell size distribution and the stratiform area. Under realistic large-scale forcing, the derived transition functions show that, on the one hand, interactions with stratiform clouds act to dampen the variability in the size and number of convective cells and therefore in the convective mass flux. On the other hand, for a given convective area fraction, a larger number of smaller cells is more favorable for the growth of stratiform area than a smaller number of larger cells. The combination of these two factors gives rise to solutions with a number of convective cells embedded in a large stratiform area, reminiscent of mesoscale convective systems.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:88881
Publisher:American Geophysical Union

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