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Large increase in diffusive greenhouse gas fluxes from subtropical shallow aquaculture ponds during the passage of typhoons

Yang, P., Zhang, Y., Bastviken, D., Lai, D. Y. F., Yang, H., Zhang, Y., Guo, Q., Tan, L. and Tong, C. (2020) Large increase in diffusive greenhouse gas fluxes from subtropical shallow aquaculture ponds during the passage of typhoons. Journal of Hydrology, 583. 124643. ISSN 0022-1694

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.124643

Abstract/Summary

Tropical cyclones are extreme perturbations that can affect the biogeochemical cycles in tropical and temperate coastal ecosystems. Yet, whether typhoon events would affect the magnitude of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shallow aquaculture ponds in the subtropical coastal regions is still poorly understood. In this study, we estimated and compared the diffusive fluxes of CO2, CH4, and N2O in the mariculture ponds at a subtropical estuary in southeast China before, during, and after the passage of three typhoons. Our results indicate that the average diffusive CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes during typhoon passage were one to two orders of magnitude higher than those observed during both the pre-typhoon and post-typhoon periods. We estimated conservatively that the estuarine aquaculture ponds emitted GHGs at a rate of about 3145 mg CO2-eq m−2 h−1 into the atmosphere during the passage of typhoons, which was substantially higher than the average emission rates of 30.8 and 35.2 mg CO2-eq m−2 h−1 observed during the pre- and post-typhoon periods, respectively. Our findings demonstrated that the typhoon passage period can be a hot moment of GHG emissions from aquaculture ponds in the subtropical estuaries, and highlight the importance of capturing short-term disturbance events such as typhoons to accurately assess the annual GHG balance and hence the climatic impacts on these shallow water ecosystems.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:89030
Publisher:Elsevier

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