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Effect of supply of metabolizable protein on whole body and splanchnic leucine metabolism in lactating dairy cows

Lapierre, H., Blouin, J. P., Bernier, J. F., Reynolds, C. K., Dubreui, P. and Lobley, G. E. (2002) Effect of supply of metabolizable protein on whole body and splanchnic leucine metabolism in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 85 (10). pp. 2631-2641. ISSN 0022-0302

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74348-8

Abstract/Summary

The effect of the supply of metabolizable protein (MP) on protein metabolism across the splanchnic tissues was determined in six catheterized lactating Holstein cows. In a crossover design, two isonitrogenous (16.3% CP) diets balanced to provide a low (Lo-MP) or high (Hi-MP) supply of MP were fed over 35-d periods. After 24 d of feeding, N balance was determined over a 6-d period. On d 33, [13C] sodium bicarbonate was infused into one jugular vein for 6 h, and hourly breath samples were collected. On d 34 or 35, L[1-13C] leucine was infused into one jugular vein, and between 2 to 6 h of infusion, breath and blood samples were taken hourly from the portal and hepatic veins and an artery. Isotopic enrichments of plasma leucine, 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate, and expired CO2 were determined for calculation of leucine kinetics. Net leucine absorption was greater, either on a direct basis (leucine transfer only) or corrected for portal-drained viscera metabolism to 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate and CO2 for the Hi-MP diet. There were no effects of diet on hepatic net flux of leucine across the liver, and, thus, more leucine was available to peripheral tissues with the Hi-MP diet. Combined with an increment in portal absorption of most of essential AA, this led to increased milk protein output, although it only represented 16% of the additional available leucine. Whole body leucine oxidation was also greater for the Hi-MP diet, as was leucine used for protein synthesis. Despite these changes, MP supply did not affect irreversible loss rate of leucine by portal-drained viscera and the liver; these averaged 35 and 20% of whole body irreversible loss rate, respectively. These ratios confirm the high metabolic activity of splanchnic tissues in lactating dairy cows, which are even greater than previously reported in growing ruminants.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Food Production and Quality Division > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)
ID Code:90814
Uncontrolled Keywords:protein, splanchnic, metabolism, leucine
Publisher:American Dairy Science Association

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