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Magnetic field-induced alignment of nanofibrous supramolecular membranes: a molecular design approach to create tissue-like biomaterials

Radvar, E., Shi, Y., Grasso, S., Edwards-Gayle, C. J. C., Liu, X., Mauter, M. S., Castelletto, V., Hamley, I. W., Reece, M. J. and Azevedo, H. S. (2020) Magnetic field-induced alignment of nanofibrous supramolecular membranes: a molecular design approach to create tissue-like biomaterials. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12 (20). pp. 22661-22672. ISSN 1944-8244

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c05191

Abstract/Summary

A molecular design approach to fabricate nanofibrous membranes by self-assembly of aromatic cationic peptides with hyaluronic acid (HA) and nanofiber alignment under a magnetic field is reported. Peptides are designed to contain a block composed of four phenylalanine residues at the C-terminus, to drive their self-assembly by hydrophobic association and aromatic stacking, and have a positively charged domain of lysine residues for electrostatic interaction with HA. These two blocks are connected by a linker with a variable number of amino acids and the ability to adopt distinct conformations. Zeta potential measurements and circular dichroism confirm their positive charge and variable conformation (random coil, β-sheet, or α-helix), which depend on the pH and sequence. Their self-assembly, examined by fluorescence spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, and transmission electron microscopy, show the formation of fiberlike nanostructures in the micromolar range. When the peptides are combined with HA, hydrogels or flat membranes are formed. The molecular structure tunes the mechanical behavior of the membranes and the nanofibers align in the direction of magnetic field due to the high diamagnetic anisotropy of phenylalanine residues. Mesenchymal stem cells cultured on magnetically aligned membranes elongate in direction of the nanofibers supporting their application for soft tissue engineering.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:90848
Publisher:ACS Publications

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