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Influences on antibiotic prescribing by non-medical prescribers for respiratory tract infections: a systematic review using the Theoretical Domains Framework

Chater, A., Family, H., Lim, R. and Courtenay, M. (2020) Influences on antibiotic prescribing by non-medical prescribers for respiratory tract infections: a systematic review using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. ISSN 0305-7453

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkaa335

Abstract/Summary

Background The need to conserve antibiotic sensitivity through the management of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) without recourse to antibiotics, is a global priority. A key target for interventions is the antibiotic prescribing behaviour of healthcare professionals including non-medical prescribers (NMPs: nurses, pharmacists, paramedics, physiotherapists) who manage these infections. Aim To identify what evidence exists regarding the influences on NMPs antimicrobial prescribing behaviour and analyse the operationalisation of the identified drivers of behaviour using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Methods The search strategy was applied across 6 electronic bibliographic databases (eligibility criteria included original studies; written in English and published before July 2019; non-medical prescribers as participants; and looked at influences on prescribing patterns, of antibiotics for respiratory tract infections). Study characteristics, influences on appropriate antibiotic prescribing and intervention content to enhance appropriate antibiotic prescribing were independently extracted and mapped to the TDF. Results The search retrieved 490 original articles. Eight papers met the review criteria. Key issues centred around strategies for managing challenges experienced during consultations, managing patient concerns, peer support and wider public awareness of AMR. The two most common TDF domains highlighted as influences on prescribing behaviour, represented in all studies were; social influences and beliefs about consequences. Conclusions The core domains highlighted as influential to appropriate antibiotic prescribing should be considered when developing future interventions. Focus should be given to overcoming social influences (patients, other clinicians) and reassurance in relation to beliefs about negative consequences (missing something that could lead to a negative outcome).

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Pharmacy Practice Research Group
ID Code:91558
Publisher:Oxford University Press

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