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Potential for early forecast of Moroccan wheat yields based on climatic drivers

Lehmann, J., Kretschmer, M., Schauberger, B. and Wechsung, F. (2020) Potential for early forecast of Moroccan wheat yields based on climatic drivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (12). e2020GL087516. ISSN 0094-8276

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1029/2020GL087516

Abstract/Summary

Wheat production plays an important role in Morocco. Current wheat forecast systems use weather and vegetation data during the crop growing phase, thus limiting the earliest possible release date to early spring. However, Morocco' s wheat production is mostly rainfed and thus strongly tied to fluctuations in rainfall, which in turn depend on slowly evolving climate dynamics. This offers a source of predictability at longer time scales. Using physically guided causal discovery algorithms, we extract climate precursors for wheat yield variability from gridded fields of geopotential height and sea surface temperatures which show potential for accurate yield forecasts already in December, with around 50% explained variance in an out‐of‐sample cross validation. The detected interactions are physically meaningful and consistent with documented ocean‐atmosphere feedbacks. Reliable yield forecasts at such long lead times could provide farmers and policy makers with necessary information for early action and strategic adaptation measurements to support food security.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:91704
Publisher:American Geophysical Union

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