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Antibiotic prescribing in primary care for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in pregnancy: an audit study

Ghouri, F. and Hollywood, A. (2020) Antibiotic prescribing in primary care for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in pregnancy: an audit study. Medical Sciences, 8 (3). 40. ISSN 2076-3271

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/medsci8030040

Abstract/Summary

Abstract: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are associated with negative pregnancy outcomes and are treated with antibiotics. Although beneficial, antibiotic use causes antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and therefore their use needs to be carefully balanced. Antimicrobial guidelines are developed to facilitate appropriate prescribing of antibiotics. This study assessed antibiotic prescribing for UTIs in pregnancy against the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline NG109. Fifty antibiotic prescribing records dated from 1st October 2018 to 1st July 2019 were identified from three London-based GP practices. The results show that a mid-stream sample of urine, which is important for the review and tailoring of antibiotic treatment, was collected in 77.6% of cases. Prescribing the first-line antibiotic is important for adequate treatment and good antimicrobial stewardship and results show that 44% of prescriptions were for the first-choice antibiotic. Most prescriptions (56%) were for a second-line or non-recommended antibiotic. Providing self-care advice is key to empowering pregnant women in managing their own health but only 16% of records documented provision of self-care advice. This study highlights important areas of concern in the management of UTIs in pregnancy. However, due to the retrospective design, future work is needed to evaluate the role of AMR in the prescriber’s treatment decision-making process.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Pharmacy Practice Research Group
ID Code:92983
Publisher:MDPI

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