Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase assays
Fry, M. J. (2009) Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase assays. Methods in Molecular Biology, 462. pp. 345-362. ISSN 1064-3745
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1007/978-1-60327-115-8
The regulation of phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase activities has been linked to many normal and disease-related processes, including cell survival, cell growth and proliferation, cell differentiation, cell motility, and intracellular vesicle trafficking. However, as the family of enzymes has now grown to include eight true members, in three functional classes, plus several related protein kinases that are also inhibited by the widely used PI 3-kinase selective inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002, extended methodologies are required to identify which type of kinase is involved in a particular cellular process, or protein complex, under study. A robust in vitro PI 3-kinase assay, suitable for use with immunoprecipitates, or purified proteins, is described here together with a series of modifications of substrate and assay conditions that will aid researchers in the identification of the particular class and isoform of PI 3-kinase that is involved in a signaling process under investigation.