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Using in-situ solar-wind observations to generate inner-boundary conditions to outer-heliosphere simulations, 1: dynamic time warping applied to synthetic observations

Owens, M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2061-2453 and Nichols, J. (2021) Using in-situ solar-wind observations to generate inner-boundary conditions to outer-heliosphere simulations, 1: dynamic time warping applied to synthetic observations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 508 (2). pp. 2575-2582. ISSN 0035-8711

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2512

Abstract/Summary

The structure and dynamics of the magnetospheres of the outer planets, particularly Saturn and Jupiter, have been explored both through remote and in-situ observations. Interpreting these observations often necessitates simultaneous knowledge of the solar-wind conditions impinging on the magnetosphere. Without an available upstream monitor, solar-wind context is typically provided using models initiated with either the output of magnetogram-constrained coronal models or, more commonly, in-situ observations from 1 AU. While 1-AU observations provide a direct measure of solar wind conditions, they are single-point observations and thus require interpolation to provide inputs to outer-heliosphere solar-wind models. In this study we test the different interpolation methods using synthetic 1-AU observations of time-evolving solar-wind structure. The simplest method is ``corotation'', which assumes solar-wind structure is steady state and rotates with the Sun. This method of reconstruction produces discontinuities in the solar-wind inputs as new observations become available. This can be reduced by corotating both back and forward in time, but this still introduces large errors in the magnitude and timing of solar wind streams. We show how the dynamic time warping (DTW) algorithm can provide around an order-of-magnitude improvement in solar-wind inputs to outer-heliosphere model from in-situ observations near 1 AU. This is intended to build the foundation for further work demonstrating and validating methods to improve inner-boundary conditions to outer-heliosphere solar-wind models, including dealing with solar wind transients and quantifying the improvements at Saturn and Jupiter.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:100023
Publisher:Oxford Journals

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