Accessibility navigation

Drivers of farmers’ intention to adopt integrated pest management: a case study of vegetable farmers in Pakistan

Khan, F. Z. A., Manzoor, S. A. ORCID:, Gul, H. T., Ali, M., Bashir, M. A., Akmal, M., Haseeb, M., Imran, M. U., Taqi, M., Manzoor, S. A., Lukac, M. ORCID: and Joseph, S. V. (2021) Drivers of farmers’ intention to adopt integrated pest management: a case study of vegetable farmers in Pakistan. Ecosphere, 12 (10). e03812. ISSN 2150-8925

Text (Open Access) - Published Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.3812


Abstract: Integrated pest management adoption is quite low around the globe, particularly in developing countries, due to different factors. Here, we examine the factors affecting the intention of Pakistani farmers to adopt integrated pest management practices in vegetable production using a structured questionnaire. We interviewed 301 vegetable growers in Multan, Pakistan. The reliability and validity of the data, along with the underlying relationship between the observed variables, were identified through exploratory factor analysis. The majority of the farmers (79.4%) relied on pesticides for pest control. More than four out of 10 of the respondents (43.8%) reported that okra received the highest application of pesticides followed by potato (24.5%) and cauliflower (17.9%). Integrated pest management was currently non‐existent among the vegetable growers of the study area. The latent factors—“knowledge of the adverse effects of pesticide,” “belief in the efficacy of non‐chemical pest control measures,” “perceived barriers to the adoption of integrated pest management,” “progressive farming approach,” and “intention to adopt integrated pest management”—were subsequently confirmed using confirmatory factor analysis. The structural equation model suggested that the intention to adopt integrated pest management is significantly affected by farmers’ knowledge of the adverse effects of pesticides (β = 0.274, z‐value = 3.082, P = 0.002). An increase in farmers’ awareness of the harmful effects of pesticides could lead to integrated pest management adoption for pest control. The scale for intention to adopt integrated pest management developed in this study can be used in future studies and provide valuable insights to the policymakers for devising integrated pest management adoption campaigns in the study area.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Animal Sciences > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)- DO NOT USE
ID Code:101007
Uncontrolled Keywords:Agroecosystems, integrated pest management, Pakistan, pesticides, structural equation model, vegetables
Additional Information:** Article version: VoR ** From Wiley via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for VoR version of this article: ** Journal IDs: issn 2150-8925 ** Article IDs: publisher-id: ecs23812 ** History: published 27-10-2021; published 10-2021; accepted 29-06-2021; rev-recd 10-06-2021; submitted 14-05-2021


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation