Accessibility navigation


Strategies to mitigate enteric methane emissions by ruminants and how they can meet the 1.5°C climate target by 2030 but not 2050

Arndt, C., Hristov, A. N., Price, W. J., McClelland, S. C., Pelaez, A. M., Cueva, S. F., Bannink, A., Bayat, A. R., Crompton, L., Dijkstra, J., Eugène, M. A., Enahoro, D., Kebreab, E., Kreuzer, M., McGee, M., Martin, C., Newbold, C., Reynolds, C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4152-1190, Schwarm, A., Shingfield, K. , Veneman, J. B., Yáñez-Ruiz, D. R. and Yu, Z. (2022) Strategies to mitigate enteric methane emissions by ruminants and how they can meet the 1.5°C climate target by 2030 but not 2050. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. ISSN 0027-8424 (In Press)

[img] Text - Accepted Version
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· The Copyright of this document has not been checked yet. This may affect its availability.

1MB

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

Abstract/Summary

To meet the 1.5°C target, methane (CH4) from ruminants must be reduced by 11 to 30% by 2030 and 24 to 47% by 2050 compared to 2010 levels. A meta-analysis identified strategies to decrease product-based [PB; CH4 per unit meat or milk (CH4I)] and absolute (ABS) enteric CH4 emissions while maintaining or increasing animal productivity (AP; weight gain and milk yield). Next the potential of different adoption rates of one PB and/or one ABS strategy to contribute to the 1.5°C target was estimated. The database included findings from 430 peer-reviewed studies, which reported 98 mitigation strategies that can be classified into three categories: animal and feed management, diet formulation, and rumen manipulation. A random-effects meta-analysis weighted by inverse variance was carried out. Three PB strategies, namely increasing feeding level, decreasing grass maturity, and decreasing dietary forage-to-concentrate ratio, decreased CH4I by on average 12% and increased AP by a median of 17%. Five ABS strategies, namely CH4 inhibitors, tanniferous forages, electron sinks, oils and fats, and oilseeds, decreased daily methane by on average 21%. Globally, only 100% adoption of the most effective PB and ABS strategies can meet the 1.5°C target by 2030 but not 2050, because mitigation effects are offset by projected increases in CH4 due to increasing demand. Notably, by 2030 and 2050 low- and middle-income countries may not meet their contribution to the 1.5°C target for this same reason, whereas high income countries could meet their contributions due to only a minor projected increase in enteric CH4 emissions.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Animal Sciences > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)- DO NOT USE
ID Code:103980
Uncontrolled Keywords:enteric methane, mitigation, meta-analysis.
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation