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Data Assimilation of nowcasted observations

Potthast, R., Vobig, K., Blahak, U. and Simmer, C. (2022) Data Assimilation of nowcasted observations. Monthly Weather Review, 150 (5). pp. 969-980. ISSN 0027-0644

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-21-0017.1

Abstract/Summary

We investigate the assimilation of nowcasted information into a classical data assimilation cycle. As a reference setup, we employ the assimilation of standard observations such as direct observations of particular variables into a forecasting system. The pure advective movement extrapolation of observations as a simple nowcasting (NWC) is usually much better for the first minutes to hours, until outperformed by numerical weather prediction (NWP) based on data assimilation. Can nowcasted information be used in the data assimilation cycle? We study both an oscillator model and the Lorenz 63 model with assimilation based on the localized ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF). We investigate and provide a mathematical framework for the assimilation of nowcasted information, approximated as a local tendency, into the LETKF in each assimilation step. In particular, we derive and discuss adequate observation error and background uncertainty covariance matrices and interpret the assimilation of nowcasted information as assimilation with an H1-type metric in observation space. Further, we show numerical results that prove that nowcasted information in data assimilation has the potential to significantly improve model based forecasting.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code:106221
Publisher:American Meteorological Society

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