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Carbon footprints of organic dairying in six European countries—real farm data analysis

Hietala, S., Smith, L. ORCID:, Knudsen, M. T., Kurppa, S., Padel, S. and Hermansen, J. E. (2015) Carbon footprints of organic dairying in six European countries—real farm data analysis. Organic Agriculture, 5. pp. 91-100. ISSN 1879-4246

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s13165-014-0084-0


Dairy farming is the largest agricultural contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in Europe. In this study, the carbon footprint of organic dairying was evaluated by means of a life cycle assessment, based on real farm data from six European countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Italy and United Kingdom. A total of 34 farms were analysed. The assessment was carried out using an attributional approach with system boundaries from cradle to farm gate. In relation to dairy production, a functional unit of 1 kg of energy corrected milk was used. The results gave an average of 1.32 kg CO2 equivalents per kilogramme of energy-corrected milk with standard deviation of 0.22, which is consistent with recent studies. The main contributor to this is enteric fermentation from producing animals, resulting in 45 % of total GHG emissions, which is also consistent with previous studies.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:106270

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