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Advancing weather and climate forecasting for our changing world

Brunet, G., Parsons, D. B., Ivanov, D., Lee, B., Bauer, P., Bernier, N. B., Bouchet, V., Brown, A., Busalacchi, A., Campbell Flatter, G., Goffer, R., Davies, P., Ebert, B., Gutbrod, K., Hong, S., Kenabatho, P. K., Koppert, H.-J., Lesolle, D., Lynch, A. H., Mahfouf, J.-F. , Ogallo, L., Palmer, T., Petty, K., Schulze, D., Shepherd, T. G., Stocker, T. F., Thorpe, A. and Yu, R. (2023) Advancing weather and climate forecasting for our changing world. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 104 (4). E909-E927. ISSN 1520-0477

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-21-0262.1


Our world is rapidly changing. Societies are facing an increase in the frequency and intensity of high impact and extreme weather and climate events. These extremes together with exponential population growth and demographic shifts (e.g., urbanization, increase in coastal populations) are increasing the detrimental societal and economic impact of hazardous weather and climate events. Urbanization and our changing global economy have also increased the need for accurate projections of climate change and improved predictions of disruptive and potentially beneficial weather events on km-scales. Technological innovations are also leading to an evolving and growing role of the private sector in the weather and climate enterprise. This article discusses the challenges faced in accelerating advances in weather and climate forecasting and proposes a vision for key actions needed across the private, public, and academic sectors. Actions span: i) Utilizing the new observational and computing ecosystems; ii) Strategies to advance earth system models; iii) Ways to benefit from the growing role of artificial intelligence; iv) Practices to improve the communication of forecast information and decision support in our age of internet and social media; and v) Addressing the need to reduce the relatively large, detrimental impacts of weather and climate on all nations and especially on low income nations. These actions will be based on a model of improved cooperation between the public, private, and academic sectors. This article represents a concise summary of the White Paper on the Future of Weather and Climate Forecasting (2021) put together by the World Meteorological Organizations’s Open Consultative Platform.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:106724
Publisher:American Meteorological Society


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