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Performance and market maturity in mutual funds: is real estate different?

MacGregor, B. D., Schulz, R. and Zhao, Y. ORCID: (2021) Performance and market maturity in mutual funds: is real estate different? Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 63 (3). pp. 437-492. ISSN 1573-045X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s11146-020-09787-0


Despite the lack of convincing evidence that active investment fund managers add value, the number of actively-managed US mutual funds has increased substantially over the last 25 years. While non-sector diversified mutual funds have received much attention, sector funds, except real estate mutual funds (REMFs), have not. In this paper, we provide new and more robust evidence on the performance of active REMFs compared to all actively managed mutual funds. We use the Carhart four-factor model with an additional liquidity factor as a risk-adjusted benchmark. We use wild bootstrap methods to deal with small samples, non-normality and heteroscedasticity, and we control for the false discovery of significant results. For portfolios of fund types, we find evidence of both significant outperformance and underperformance, net of fees, during 1992-2016. We consider non-overlapping five-year and three-year periods and find very limited evidence of persistent outperformance. For individual funds, we find that, for both sector and diversified funds, net of fees, only 0.79% are skilled. We find persistence in skills for only two individual fund managers of diversified funds. We investigate the effects of the outsourcing of management and of team versus individual management. Outsourcing has no effect on performance of non-RE sector funds but, for cap-based funds and style-based funds, it has a negative effect. There is some evidence that this may also be true for REMFs. Team management has no effect for any types of funds. Overall, we conclude that REMFs are generally no different from other sector funds.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Henley Business School > Real Estate and Planning
ID Code:107073


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