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Adolescents’ implicit theories of a creative person: a longitudinal investigation in three countries

Delany, D. E., Cheung, R. R.. M. ORCID:, Takahashi, Y. and Cheung, C. S. (2019) Adolescents’ implicit theories of a creative person: a longitudinal investigation in three countries. Creativity Research Journal, 31 (1). pp. 52-61. ISSN 1532-6934

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/10400419.2019.1577648


Our research examined whether adolescents in the United States, China, and Japan differed in their conceptions of a creative person. Participants were American (n = 321), Chinese (n = 235), and Japanese (n = 393) adolescents in 7th and 8th grades who completed surveys at 3 time points. Using an open-ended questionnaire, adolescents were asked to list up to 10 attributes of a creative person. The responses were coded into 4 categories: action, emotion, characteristics, and self (vs. others). Results indicated that adolescents in the United States used more action and emotion descriptors (e.g., draws, happy) when conceptualizing a creative person, compared to Chinese and Japanese adolescents. In contrast, Chinese (vs. American and Japanese) adolescents were more likely to use descriptors about the characteristics of a person (e.g., hardworking, smart) in their conceptualizations of a creative person. Changes over time in adolescents’ conceptions of a creative person were evident, with the rates of such changes being uneven across countries. Findings provide evidence in support of the idea that adolescents’ implicit theories of creativity may be rooted in their cultural experiences.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:107959
Publisher:Taylor and Francis Group

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