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Ecological and evolutionary dynamics of multi-strain RNA viruses

Makau, D. N. ORCID:, Lycett, S. ORCID:, Michalska-Smith, M., Paploski, I. A. D., Cheeran, M. C.-J., Craft, M. E. ORCID:, Kao, R. R. ORCID:, Schroeder, D. C. ORCID:, Doeschl-Wilson, A. and VanderWaal, K. ORCID: (2022) Ecological and evolutionary dynamics of multi-strain RNA viruses. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6 (10). pp. 1414-1422. ISSN 2397-334X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/s41559-022-01860-6


Potential interactions among co-circulating viral strains in host populations are often overlooked in the study of virus transmission. However, these interactions probably shape transmission dynamics by influencing host immune responses or altering the relative fitness among co-circulating strains. In this Review, we describe multi-strain dynamics from ecological and evolutionary perspectives, outline scales in which multi-strain dynamics occur and summarize important immunological, phylogenetic and mathematical modelling approaches used to quantify interactions among strains. We also discuss how host-pathogen interactions influence the co-circulation of pathogens. Finally, we highlight outstanding questions and knowledge gaps in the current theory and study of ecological and evolutionary dynamics of multi-strain viruses.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:108058
Uncontrolled Keywords:Host-Pathogen Interactions, Phylogeny, RNA Viruses, Biological Evolution

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