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Formation of supramolecular gels from host-guest interactions between PEGylated chitosan and α-cyclodextrin

Vandera, K.-K. A., Pague, C., Omar, J., González-Gaitano, G., Ways, T. M. M., Khutoryanskiy, V. V. ORCID: and Dreiss, C. A. (2023) Formation of supramolecular gels from host-guest interactions between PEGylated chitosan and α-cyclodextrin. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 308 (6). 2200646. ISSN 1439-2054

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/mame.202200646


Chitosan-based hydrogels were prepared via the formation of polypseudorotaxanes (PPR), by selectively threading α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) macrocycles onto polymeric chains, which, through the formation of microcrystalline domains, acted as junction points for the network. Specifically, host-guest inclusion complexes were formed between α-CD and PEGylated chitosan (PEG-Ch), resulting in the formation of supramolecular gels. PEG-grafted chitosan was obtained with a reaction yield of 79.8%, a high degree of grafting (50.9% GW) and water solubility (~16 mg/mL), as assessed by turbidimetry. A range of compositions for mixtures of PEG-Ch solutions (0.2-0.8 %w/w) and α-CD solutions (2−12 %w/w, or 0.04-0.2 %mol) were studied. Regardless of PEG content, gels were not formed at low α-CD concentrations (< 4%). Dynamic rheology measurements revealed stiff gels (G’ above 15k) and a narrow linear viscoelastic region, reflecting their brittleness. The highest elastic modulus was obtained for a hydrogel composition of 0.4% PEG-Ch and 6% α-CD. Steady-state measurements with cycling between low and high shear rate values confirmed the thixotropic nature of the gels, demonstrating their capacity to fully recover their mechanical properties after being exposed to high stress, making them good candidates to use as in-situ gel-forming materials for drug delivery to topical or parenteral sites.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Chemical Analysis Facility (CAF) > NMR (CAF)
Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics Research Group
ID Code:109740


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