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Three-dimensional urban thermal effect across a large city cluster during an extreme heat wave: observational analysis

Ma, Y., Liang, P., Grimmond, S. ORCID:, Yang, X., Lyu, J. and Ding, Y. (2022) Three-dimensional urban thermal effect across a large city cluster during an extreme heat wave: observational analysis. Journal of Meteorological Research, 36 (3). pp. 387-400. ISSN 2095-6037

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s13351-022-1171-x


Given extensive and rapid urbanization globally, assessing regional urban thermal effects (UTE) in both canopy and boundary layers under extreme weather/climate conditions is of significant interest. Rapid population and economic growth in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) have made it one of the largest city clusters in China. Here, we explore the three-dimensional (3D) UTE in the YRD using multi-source observations from high-resolution automatic weather stations, radiosondes, and eddy covariance sensors during the record-setting heat wave (HW) of July–August 2013. It is found that the regional canopy layer UTE is up to 0.6–1.2°C, and the nocturnal UTE (0.7–1.6°C) is larger than daytime UTE (0.2–0.5°C) during the HW. The regional canopy layer UTE is enhanced and expanded northwards, with some rural sites contaminated by the urban influences, especially at night. In the boundary layer, the strengthened regional UTE extends vertically to at least 925 hPa (∼750 m) during this HW. The strengthened 3D UTE in the YRD is associated with an enlarged Bowen ratio difference between urban and non-urban areas. These findings about the 3D UTE are beneficial for better understanding of the thermal environment of large city clusters under HW and for more appropriate adaption and mitigation strategies.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:110117


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