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Protonation of phenylboronic acid: comparison of G3B3 and G2MP2 methods

De, S., Drew, M.G.B., Price, D.W., Nag, S. and Datta, D. (2007) Protonation of phenylboronic acid: comparison of G3B3 and G2MP2 methods. International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, 107 (1). pp. 182-188. ISSN 0020-7608

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/qua.21034


G3B3 and G2MP2 calculations using Gaussian 03 have been carried out to investigate the protonation preferences for phenylboronic acid. All nine heavy atoms have been protonated in turn. With both methodologies, the two lowest protonation energies are obtained with the proton located either at the ipso carbon atom or at a hydroxyl oxygen atom. Within the G3B3 formalism, the lowest-energy configuration by 4.3 kcal . mol(-1) is found when the proton is located at the ipso carbon, rather than at the electronegative oxygen atom. In the resulting structure, the phenyl ring has lost a significant amount of aromaticity. By contrast, calculations with G2MP2 show that protonation at the hydroxyl oxygen atom is favored by 7.7 kcal . mol(-1). Calculations using the polarizable continuum model (PCM) solvent method also give preference to protonation at the oxygen atom when water is used as the solvent. The preference for protonation at the ipso carbon found by the more accurate G3B3 method is unexpected and its implications in Suzuki coupling are discussed. (C) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11186
Uncontrolled Keywords:phenylboronic acid, Suzuki coupling, ab initio calculation, acid-base, behavior, CROSS-COUPLING REACTIONS, BORONIC ACIDS, PALLADIUM, COMPLEXES, CARBENIUM

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