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The impact of green finance policy on green innovation performance: evidence from Chinese heavily polluting enterprises

Chang, K., Luo, D., Dong, Y. and Xiong, C. (2024) The impact of green finance policy on green innovation performance: evidence from Chinese heavily polluting enterprises. Journal of Environmental Management, 352. 119961. ISSN 0301-4797

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.119961


Green innovation (GI) is increasingly recognised as an effective strategy for tackling climate change, mitigating environmental issues, and promoting sustainable development. Using panel data of the Chinese listed firms from 2007 to 2019, this study adopts the difference-in-differences approach to assess the impact of the green finance policy (GFP) initiated by the Chinese government in 2012 on the green innovation performance of firms. The findings reveal that the GFP significantly boosts the green innovation performance of heavily polluting enterprises (HPEs). Notably, this effect is more pronounced in state-owned enterprises and firms with high dependence on external finance. Compared with penalty-based regulations, incentive-based and voluntary environmental regulations demonstrate more significant moderating effects on the relationship between the GFP and green innovation performance for HPEs. We also identify improved efficiency in the usage of green investments as a potential mechanism through which the GFP enhances the green innovation performance of HPEs. Further comparative analysis shows that green enterprises can achieve simultaneous improvement in both the quality and quantity of green innovation, whereas HPEs predominantly exhibit enhancements in innovation quantity. To maximise the GFP's positive effects, it is recommended to facilitate more targeted bank lending towards HPEs to support their structural transformation. Additionally, the coordinated deployment of diverse environmental policy instruments is advised to exploit their synergistic effects.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Henley Business School > Business Informatics, Systems and Accounting
ID Code:114914
Uncontrolled Keywords:Green finance policy, Green innovation, Environmental regulation, China, Environmental protection


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