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Energy and protein interactions and their effect on nitrogen excretion in dairy cows

Kebreab, E., Strathe, A. B., Dijkstra, J., Mills, J. A. N., Reynolds, C. K. ORCID:, Crompton, L. A., Yan, T. and France, J. (2010) Energy and protein interactions and their effect on nitrogen excretion in dairy cows. In: Crovetto, E. M. (ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd international symposium on energy and protein metabolism and nutrition. Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 417-425. ISBN 9789086861538

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The principal driver of nitrogen (N) losses from the body including excretion and secretion in milk is N intake. However, other covariates may also play a role in modifying the partitioning of N. This study tests the hypothesis that N partitioning in dairy cows is affected by energy and protein interactions. A database containing 470 dairy cow observations was collated from calorimetry experiments. The data include N and energy parameters of the diet and N utilization by the animal. Univariate and multivariate meta-analyses that considered both within and between study effects were conducted to generate prediction equations based on N intake alone or with an energy component. The univariate models showed that there was a strong positive linear relationships between N intake and N excretion in faeces, urine and milk. The slopes were 0.28 faeces N, 0.38 urine N and 0.20 milk N. Multivariate model analysis did not improve the fit. Metabolizable energy intake had a significant positive effect on the amount of milk N in proportion to faeces and urine N, which is also supported by other studies. Another measure of energy considered as a covariate to N intake was diet quality or metabolizability (the concentration of metabolizable energy relative to gross energy of the diet). Diet quality also had a positive linear relationship with the proportion of milk N relative to N excreted in faeces and urine. Metabolizability had the largest effect on faeces N due to lower protein digestibility of low quality diets. Urine N was also affected by diet quality and the magnitude of the effect was higher than for milk N. This research shows that including a measure of diet quality as a covariate with N intake in a model of N execration can enhance our understanding of the effects of diet composition on N losses from dairy cows. The new prediction equations developed in this study could be used to monitor N losses from dairy systems.

Item Type:Book or Report Section
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Animal Sciences > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)- DO NOT USE
ID Code:22159
Additional Information:3rd EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition was held in Parma, Italy, 6-10 September 2010.
Publisher:Wageningen Academic Publishers

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