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Transient heparin-induced platelet activation linked to generation of platelet 12-lipoxygenase: findings from a randomised controlled trial

McMahon, G. S., Jones, C. I. ORCID:, Hayes, P. D., Naylor, A. R. and Goodall, A. H. (2013) Transient heparin-induced platelet activation linked to generation of platelet 12-lipoxygenase: findings from a randomised controlled trial. Thrombosis and haemostasis, 109 (6). pp. 977-1185. ISSN 0340-6245

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1160/TH12-11-0793


Previously we demonstrated that heparin administration during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) caused a marked, but transient increase in platelet aggregation to arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), despite effective platelet cyclo-oxygenase-1 (COX-1) inhibition with aspirin. Here we investigated the metabolism of AA via platelet 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) as a possible mediator of the observed transient aspirin resistance, and compared the effects of unfractionated (UFH) and low-molecular-weight (LMWH) heparin. A total of 43 aspirinated patients undergoing CEA were randomised in the trial to 5,000 IU UFH (n=22) or 2,500 IU LMWH (dalteparin, n=21). Platelet aggregation to AA (4x10⁻³) and ADP (3x10⁻⁶) was determined, and the products of the COX-1 and 12-LOX pathways; thromboxane B₂ (TXB₂) and 12-hydroxyeicosatretraenoic acid (12-HETE) were measured in plasma, and in material released from aggregating platelets.Aggregation to AA increased significantly (~10-fold) following heparinisation (p<0.0001), irrespective of heparin type (p=0.33). Significant, but smaller (~2-fold) increases in aggregation to ADP were also seen, which were significantly lower in the platelets of patients randomised to LMWH (p<0.0001). Plasma levels of TxB2 did not rise following heparinisation (p=0.93), but 12-HETE increased significantly in the patients' plasma, and released from platelets stimulated in vitro withADP, with both heparin types (p<0.0001). The magnitude of aggregation to ADP correlated with 12-HETE generation (p=0.03). Heparin administration during CEA generates AA that is metabolised to 12-HETE via the 12-LOX pathway, possibly explaining the phenomenon of transient heparin-induced platelet activation. LMWH has less effect on aggregation and 12-HETE generation than UFH when the platelets are stimulated with ADP.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:33132
Uncontrolled Keywords:platelets, heparin, LMWH, RCT, lipoxygenase
Publisher:Cambridge University Press

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