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Modelling capability and affordance as properties of human/machine resource systems

Michell, V. and Roubtsova, E. (2014) Modelling capability and affordance as properties of human/machine resource systems. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Business Modeling and Software Design, BMSD 2014, 24 - 26 June 2014, Luxembourg.

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Understanding how and why the capability of one set of business resources, its structural arrangements and mechanisms compared to another works can provide competitive advantage in terms of new business processes and product and service development. However, most business models of capability are descriptive and lack formal modelling language to qualitatively and quantifiably compare capabilities, Gibson’s theory of affordance, the potential for action, provides a formal basis for a more robust and quantitative model, but most formal affordance models are complex and abstract and lack support for real-world applications. We aim to understand the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of business capability, by developing a quantitative and qualitative model that underpins earlier work on Capability-Affordance Modelling – CAM. This paper integrates an affordance based capability model and the formalism of Coloured Petri Nets to develop a simulation model. Using the model, we show how capability depends on the space time path of interacting resources, the mechanism of transition and specific critical affordance factors relating to the values of the variables for resources, people and physical objects. We show how the model can identify the capabilities of resources to enable the capability to inject a drug and anaesthetise a patient.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions:Henley Business School > Business Informatics, Systems and Accounting
ID Code:37591
Uncontrolled Keywords:Capability, Affordance, CPN, critical affordance factor, affordance mechanism, affordance path, affordance chain

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