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Chemotherapeutic agents and gene expression in cardiac myocytes

Clerk, A. ORCID:, Giraldo, A. and Sugden, P. (2007) Chemotherapeutic agents and gene expression in cardiac myocytes. Advances in Enzyme Regulation, 47 (1). pp. 140-153. ISSN 0065-2571

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.advenzreg.2006.12.004


It is becoming apparent that anti-cancer chemotherapies are increasingly associated with cardiac dysfunction or even congestive heart failure (Minotti et al., 2004; Eliott, 2006; Suter et al., 2004; Ren, 2005). Our data suggest that one of the contributing factors to the cardiotoxicitiy of these drugs may be the activation of the AhR-response (including the increased expression of Cyp1a1) and/or other detoxification program in cardiac myocytes themselves. The induction of such responses may have secondary effects (e.g. to increase the level of intracellular oxidative stress), which may influence the contractility or even survival of cardiac myocytes. Furthermore, the specific response of cardiac myocytes, both with respect to the metabolizing enzymes and the export channels, potentially differs from other cells (e.g. we failed to detect any increase in expression of other “classical” AhR-responsive genes, Ugt1a1 and Ugt1a6). This could account for, for example, the observation that doxoribicinol (the 13-hydroxy form of doxorubicin) accumulates in cardiac myocytes but not in hepatocytes (Del Tacca et al., 1985; Olson et al., 1988). Given the vulnerability of the heart and the almost irreparable damage that can be done by severe oxidative stress, further studies would seem to be merited specifically on the effects of chemotherapeutic agents on cardiac myocytes.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:51251

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