Accessibility navigation

Are ‘born to rebel’ last-borns more likely to be self-employed?

Han, L. ORCID: and Greene, F. J. (2016) Are ‘born to rebel’ last-borns more likely to be self-employed? Personality and Individual Differences, 101. pp. 270-275. ISSN 0191-8869

Text - Accepted Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.06.019


This paper investigates birth order effects on adult self-employment. Drawing on Sulloway’s ‘born to rebel’ thesis, we test whether or not last-borns whose parents have no prior self-employment experience are more likely to bear and assume the risks associated with self-employment. We also test if parental self-employment experience moderates the relationship between last-borns and self-employment. Using large-scale life-span data on 6,322 cohort members, a within-family design, and controlling for demographic confounds such as the number of siblings, we find that last-borns from non-entrepreneurial families are more likely to be self-employed than first or middle-borns. However, in families with parental experience of self-employment, we find that last-borns in three or more child families are no more likely to be self-employed than their siblings.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Henley Business School > Business Informatics, Systems and Accounting
ID Code:65813
Uncontrolled Keywords:birth order, last-borns, risk, self-employment


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation