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Manganese tricarbonyl complexes with asymmetric 2 2‑iminopyridine ligands: toward decoupling steric and electronic 3 factors in electrocatalytic CO2 reduction

Spall, S. J. P., Keane, T., Tory, J., Cocker, D. C., Adams, H., Fowler, H., Meijer, A. J. H. M., Hartl, F. and Weinstein, J. A. (2016) Manganese tricarbonyl complexes with asymmetric 2 2‑iminopyridine ligands: toward decoupling steric and electronic 3 factors in electrocatalytic CO2 reduction. Inorganic Chemistry, 55 (24). pp. 12568-12582. ISSN 0020-1669

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01477


Manganese tricarbonyl bromide complexes incorporating IP (2-(phenylimino)pyridine) derivatives, [MnBr(CO)3(IP)], are demonstrated as a new group of catalysts for CO2 reduction, which represent the first example of utilization of (phenylimino)pyridine ligands on manganese centers for this purpose. The key feature is the asymmetric structure of the redox-noninnocent ligand that permits independent tuning of its steric and electronic properties. The α-diimine ligands and five new Mn(I) compounds have been synthesized, isolated in high yields, and fully characterized, including X-ray crystallography. Their electrochemical and electrocatalytic behavior was investigated using cyclic voltammetry and UV−vis−IR spectroelectrochemistry within an OTTLE cell. Mechanistic investigations under an inert atmosphere have revealed differences in the nature of the reduction products as a function of steric bulk of the ligand. The direct ECE (electrochemical−chemical−electrochemical) formation of a five-coordinate anion [Mn(CO)3(IP)]−, a product of two-electron reduction of the parent complex, is observed in the case of the bulky DIPIMP (2-[((2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino)methyl]pyridine), TBIMP (2-[((2-tert-butylphenyl)imino)methyl]-pyridine), and TBIEP (2-[((2-tert-butylphenyl)imino)ethyl]pyridine) derivatives. This process is replaced for the least sterically demanding IP ligand in [MnBr(CO)3(IMP)] (2-[(phenylimino)methyl]pyridine) by the stepwise formation of such a monoanion via an ECEC(E) mechanism involving also the intermediate Mn−Mn dimer [Mn(CO)3(IMP)]2. The complex [MnBr(CO)3(IPIMP)] (2-[((2-diisopropylphenyl)imino)methyl]pyridine), which carries a moderately electron donating, moderately bulky IP ligand, shows an intermediate behavior where both the five-coordinate anion and its dimeric precursor are jointly detected on the time scale of the spectroelectrochemical experiments. Under an atmosphere of CO2 the studied complexes, except for the DIPIMP derivative, rapidly coordinate CO2, forming stable bicarbonate intermediates, with no dimer being observed. Such behavior indicates that the CO2 binding is outcompeting another pathway: viz., the dimerization reaction between the five-coordinate anion and the neutral parent complex. The bicarbonate intermediate species undergo reduction at more negative potentials (ca. −2.2 V vs Fc/Fc+ ), recovering [Mn(CO)3(IP)]− and triggering the catalytic production of CO.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:68114
Publisher:American Chemical Society


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