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Spatiotemporal characteristics of anthropogenic heat in an urban environment: a case study of Tsinghua Campus

Nie, W.-S., Sun, T. ORCID: and Ni, G.-H. (2014) Spatiotemporal characteristics of anthropogenic heat in an urban environment: a case study of Tsinghua Campus. Building and Environment, 82. pp. 675-686. ISSN 0360-1323

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.10.011


In this study, a detailed investigation of the spatiotemporal characteristics of anthropogenic heat (AH) from different sectors (i.e. human metabolism, transportation and building energy consumption) in an urban environment (the Tsinghua Campus in Beijing, China) is conducted using inventory and building energy modeling methods. The AH is estimated as large as 220.0 W m−2 (at about local time 7pm) in summer and 221.0 W m−2 (at about local time 6am) in winter. The results indicate that AH on Tsinghua Campus (TC) displays clear diurnal and seasonal cycles. Among the three sectors on TC, building energy consumption contributes the most to the total AH (about 97.4%), whereas metabolism and transportation accounts for 1.4% and 1.2% respectively. The spatial distribution of AH on TC indicates that higher AH is generally observed in more densely built-up areas with the hourly maximum value of 474.3 W m−2. Comparison between AH and incoming solar radiation shows that the magnitude of AH is about 43% and 92% of the incoming solar radiation in summer and winter, respectively. Therefore, AH should be considered as an important component of the urban representation in numeric weather prediction models and should be carefully accounted for when considering the urban surface energy balance. This study provides evidence of the significance of AH in urban environment and suggestions for improvement of urban module in numeric weather prediction models.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:71107

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