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Sports events and interaction among spectators: examining antecedents of spectators’ value creation

Koenig-Lewis, N., Asaad, Y. and Palmer, A. (2018) Sports events and interaction among spectators: examining antecedents of spectators’ value creation. European Sport Management Quarterly, 18 (2). pp. 193-215. ISSN 1618-4742

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/16184742.2017.1361459


Research question: Spectating at sports events comprises on-pitch and off-pitch benefits. Value may also derive from spectator-to-spectator interaction, however, we do not know whether all types of interaction have similar effects on value creation and subsequent word-of-mouth (WOM) behaviours. We investigate two types of spectator-to-spectator interaction – between known/familiar others, and between unknown-others. We study their effects within a framework grounded in Customer Dominant Logic and sport value framework, integrating on-pitch sport performance, off-pitch service quality, overall satisfaction, team identification and WOM intention. Research methods: Hypotheses were tested using a survey of 1002 spectators of a British Premier League football club. Respondents were asked about the last game they attended. Data were analysed using Structural Equations Modelling and PROCESS analysis. Results and findings: Customer-to-customer interaction was antecedent to overall satisfaction and team identification. Satisfaction and team identification led to WOM intention, with team identification having greater effect. Evaluation of on-pitch performance (the football match) influenced overall satisfaction more than off-pitch service quality. The study contributes to knowledge in finding that customer-to-customer interaction with familiar accompaniers influenced satisfaction more than interaction with anonymous-other spectators. However, the latter contributed more to team identification and indirectly to WOM. Implications: The study highlights the importance to sports events organisers of facilitating customer-to-customer interaction. While promotion of many sports events focuses on game performance, this study highlights the importance of promoting the social benefits of attendance in increasing positive WOM. Suggestions are made, including provision of social media platforms within events to promote interaction among spectators.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Henley Business School > Marketing and Reputation
ID Code:76187
Publisher:Taylor & Francis

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