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Meteorological drivers of European power system stress

Bloomfield, H. ORCID:, Suitters, C. and Drew, D. (2020) Meteorological drivers of European power system stress. Journal of Renewable Energy, 2020. pp. 1-12. ISSN 2314-4394

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1155/2020/5481010


A rapid decarbonisation of power systems is underway in order to limit greenhouse gas emissions and meet carbon reduction targets. Renewable energy is a key ingredient to meet these targets, however, it is important that national power systems still maintain energy security with increasing levels of renewable penetration. The operating potential of renewable generation at times of peak demand (a critical time for power system stress) is not well understood. This study therefore uses a multi-decadal dataset of national demand, wind power and solar power generation to identify the meteorological conditions when peak demand occurs, and the contribution of renewables during these events.
 Wintertime European peak power demand events are associated with high atmospheric pressure over Russia and Scandinavia and are accompanied by lower than average air temperatures and average wind speeds across Europe. When considering power demand extremes net of renewable power production, the associated meteorological conditions are shown to change. There is considerable spatial variability in the dates of national peak demand events, and amount of renewable generation present. Growth in renewable generation has the potential to reduce peak demands. However these impacts are also not uniform with much larger reductions in peak demand seen in Spain than in central Europe. The re-analysis derived energy models have allowed for recent peak demand events to be put into a longer-term context.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:92260


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