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Molecular structures of trimethylchlorogermane, (CH3)(3)GeCl, and trimethylbromogermane, (CH3)(3)GeBr, obtained by gas-phase electron diffraction and theoretical calculations

Aarset, K. and Page, E.M. (2004) Molecular structures of trimethylchlorogermane, (CH3)(3)GeCl, and trimethylbromogermane, (CH3)(3)GeBr, obtained by gas-phase electron diffraction and theoretical calculations. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 108 (25). pp. 5474-5478. ISSN 1089-5639

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/jp040181h

Abstract/Summary

The structures of trimethylchlorogermane ((CH3)(3)GeCl) and trimethylbromogermane ((CH3)(3)GeBr) have been determined by gas-phase electron diffraction (GED), augmented by the results from ab initio calculations employing second-order Moller-Plesset (MP2) level of theory and the 6-311+G(d) basis set. All the electrons were included in the correlation calculation. The results from the ab initio calculations indicated that these molecules have C-3v symmetry, and models with this symmetry were used in the electron diffraction analysis. The results for the principal distances (r(g)) and angles (angle(alpha)) from the combined GED/ab initio study of trimethylchlorogermane (with estimated 2sigma uncertainties) are: r(Ge-C) = 1.950(4) Angstrom, r(Ge-Cl) = 2.173(4) Angstrom, r(C-H) = 1.090(9) Angstrom, angleCGeC = 112.7(7)degrees, angleCGeCl = 106.0(8)degrees, angleGeCH = 107.8(12)degrees. The results for the principal distances (r(g)) and angles (angle(alpha)) from the combined GED/ab initio study of trimethylbromogermane (with estimated 2sigma uncertainties) are: r(Ge-C) = 1.952(7) Angstrom, r(Ge-Br) = 2.325(4) Angstrom, r(C-H) = 1. 140(28) Angstrom, angleCGeC = 114.2(11)degrees, angleCGeBr = 104.2(13)degrees, angleGeCH 106.9(43)degrees. Local C-3v symmetry and staggered conformation were assumed for the methyl groups.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:10950
Uncontrolled Keywords:VAPOR-PHASE, PHOTOGRAPHIC PLATES, MICROWAVE-SPECTRUM, COMMERCIAL, SCANNER, ORGANOGERMANES

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