Predictions of some product parameters based on the processing conditions of ultra-high-temperature milk plants
Tran, H., Datta, N., Lewis, M. J. and Deeth, H. C. (2008) Predictions of some product parameters based on the processing conditions of ultra-high-temperature milk plants. International Dairy Journal, 18 (9). pp. 939-944. ISSN 0958-6946
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.idairyj.2008.01.006
The temperature-time profiles of 22 Australian industrial ultra-high-temperature (UHT) plants and 3 pilot plants, using both indirect and direct heating, were surveyed. From these data, the operating parameters of each plant, the chemical index C*, the bacteriological index B* and the predicted changes in the levels of beta-lactoglobulin, alpha-lactalbumin, lactulose, furosine and browning were determined using a simulation program based on published formulae and reaction kinetics data. There was a wide spread of heating conditions used, some of which resulted in a large margin of bacteriological safety and high chemical indices. However, no conditions were severe enough to cause browning during processing. The data showed a clear distinction between the indirect and direct heating plants. They also indicated that degree of denaturation of alpha-lactalbumin varied over a wide range and may be a useful discriminatory index of heat treatment. Application of the program to pilot plants illustrated its value in determining processing conditions in these plants to simulate the conditions in industrial UHT plants. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.