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Numerical study of 2D heat transfer in a scraped surface heat exchanger

Sun, K.H., Pyle, D.L., Fitt, A.D., Please, C.P., Baines, M. J. and Hall-Taylor, N. (2004) Numerical study of 2D heat transfer in a scraped surface heat exchanger. Computers & Fluids, 33 (5-6). pp. 869-880. ISSN 0045-7930

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2003.06.009

Abstract/Summary

A numerical study of fluid mechanics and heat transfer in a scraped surface heat exchanger with non-Newtonian power law fluids is undertaken. Numerical results are generated for 2D steady-state conditions using finite element methods. The effect of blade design and material properties, and especially the independent effects of shear thinning and heat thinning on the flow and heat transfer, are studied. The results show that the gaps at the root of the blades, where the blades are connected to the inner cylinder, remove the stagnation points, reduce the net force on the blades and shift the location of the central stagnation point. The shear thinning property of the fluid reduces the local viscous dissipation close to the singularity corners, i.e. near the tip of the blades, and as a result the local fluid temperature is regulated. The heat thinning effect is greatest for Newtonian fluids where the viscous dissipation and the local temperature are highest at the tip of the blades. Where comparison is possible, very good agreement is found between the numerical results and the available data. Aspects of scraped surface heat exchanger design are assessed in the light of the results. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:12957
Publisher:Elsevier

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