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Velocity profiles and frictional pressure drop for shear thinning materials in lid-driven cavities with fully developed axial flow

Sun, K.H., Pyle, D.L., Baines, M.J., Hall-Taylor, N. and Fitt, A.D. (2006) Velocity profiles and frictional pressure drop for shear thinning materials in lid-driven cavities with fully developed axial flow. Chemical Engineering Science, 61 (14). pp. 4697-4706. ISSN 0009-2509

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2006.03.005

Abstract/Summary

A finite element numerical study has been carried out on the isothermal flow of power law fluids in lid-driven cavities with axial throughflow. The effects of the tangential flow Reynolds number (Re-U), axial flow Reynolds number (Re-W), cavity aspect ratio and shear thinning property of the fluids on tangential and axial velocity distributions and the frictional pressure drop are studied. Where comparison is possible, very good agreement is found between current numerical results and published asymptotic and numerical results. For shear thinning materials in long thin cavities in the tangential flow dominated flow regime, the numerical results show that the frictional pressure drop lies between two extreme conditions, namely the results for duct flow and analytical results from lubrication theory. For shear thinning materials in a lid-driven cavity, the interaction between the tangential flow and axial flow is very complex because the flow is dependent on the flow Reynolds numbers and the ratio of the average axial velocity and the lid velocity. For both Newtonian and shear thinning fluids, the axial velocity peak is shifted and the frictional pressure drop is increased with increasing tangential flow Reynolds number. The results are highly relevant to industrial devices such as screw extruders and scraped surface heat exchangers. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:12958
Uncontrolled Keywords:numerical modelling, fluid mechanics, processing, non-Newtonian fluid, lid-driven cavity, axial flow, HEAT-TRANSFER
Publisher:Elsevier

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