Mechanisms of probiosis and prebiosis: considerations for enhanced functional foods
Saulnier, D.M.A., Spinler, J.K., Gibson, G.R. and Versalovic, J. (2009) Mechanisms of probiosis and prebiosis: considerations for enhanced functional foods. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 20 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 0958-1669
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2009.01.002
The technologies of metagenomics and metabolomics are broadening our knowledge of the roles the human gut microbiota play in health and disease. For many years now, probiotics and prebiotics have been included in foods for their health benefits; however, we have only recently begun to understand their modes of action. This review highlights recent advances in deciphering the mechanisms of probiosis and prebiosis, and describes how this knowledge could be transferred to select for enhancing functional foods targeting different populations. A special focus will be given to the addition of prebiotics and probiotics in functional foods for infants and seniors.