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Antioxidant properties of malt model systems

Samaras, T.S., Gordon, M.H. and Ames, J.M. (2005) Antioxidant properties of malt model systems. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53 (12). pp. 4938-4945. ISSN 0021-8561

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jf0501600

Abstract/Summary

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of kilning and roasting temperatures on antioxidant activity of malt model systems prepared from combinations of glucose, proline, and ferulic acid. Model systems (initial a(w) = 0.09, 6 % moisture) were heated at 60 degrees C for up to 24 h, at 90 degrees C for up to 120 min, and at 220 degrees C for up to 15 min. The antioxidant activity of the glucose-proline-ferulic acid model system increased significantly on heating at 60 degrees C; for 24 h or at 90 degrees C for 120 min. In contrast, the glucose-proline, ferulic acid-glucose, and ferulic acid-proline systems presented either nonsignificantly increased or unchanged antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity of both the glucose-proline-ferulic acid and glucose-proline model systems increased significantly after heating at 220 degrees C for 10 min, followed by a significant decrease at 15 min. The data suggest that (1) at 60 degrees C, ferulic acid reacts with Maillard reaction products, resulting in a significant increase in antioxidant activity; (2) at 90 degrees C, the antioxidant activity of the glucose-proline-ferulic system comes from both ferulic acid and Maillard reaction products; and (3) at 220 degrees C, the major contributors to antioxidant activity in glucose-proline-ferulic acid and glucose-proline systems are glucose-proline reaction products.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13018
Uncontrolled Keywords:antioxidant activity, ferulic acid, ABTS(-+) assay, ORAC assay, capillary electrophoresis, Maillard reaction, MAILLARD REACTION-PRODUCTS, BROWNING REACTION, KINETIC-MODEL, OXYGEN, CAPACITY, EXTRACTS, LYSINE, ASSAY

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