Interaction of sulphur-containing aroma compounds with proteins in both model systems and real food systems
Parker, J.K., Mottram, D.S. and Adams, R.L. (2002) Interaction of sulphur-containing aroma compounds with proteins in both model systems and real food systems. In: Le Quéré, J.L. and Étiévant, P.X.. (eds.) Flavour research at the dawn of the twenty-first century: proceedings of the 10th Weurman flavour research symposium. Intercept, London, pp. 45-50. ISBN 2743006390
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Irreversible binding of key flavour disulphides to ovalbumin has been shown previously to occur in model systems. The extent of binding is determined by the availability of the sulphydryl groups to participate in disulphide exchange, influenced either by pH, or the state of the protein (native or heat-denatured). In this study, two further proteins, one with sulphydryl groups available in the native state (beta-lactoglobulin) and one with no sulphydryl groups in the native state (lysozyme) were used to confirm this hypothesis. When the investigation was extended to real food systems, a similar effect was shown when a commercial meat flavouring containing disulphides was added to heat-denatured ovalbumin. Furthermore, comparison of the volatiles generated from onions, cooked either alone, or in the presence of meat, showed a significant reduction of key onion-derived disulphides when cooked in the presence of meat, and an even greater reduction of trisulphides. These findings may have implications for consumer acceptance of food products; where these compounds are used as flavourings or where they occur naturally.