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Effects of copper on the antioxidant activity of olive polyphenols in bulk oil and oil-in-water emulsions

Paiva-Martins, F., Santos, V., Mangericao, H. and Gordon, M.H. (2006) Effects of copper on the antioxidant activity of olive polyphenols in bulk oil and oil-in-water emulsions. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54 (10). pp. 3738-3743. ISSN 0021-8561

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jf060033j

Abstract/Summary

The antioxidant activity and interactions with copper of four olive oil phenolic compounds, namely oleuropein, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4- dihydroxyphenylethanol- elenolic acid ( 1), and 3,4- dihydroxyphenyl-ethanolelenolic acid dialdehyde ( 2), in olive oil and oil- in- water emulsions stored at 60 degrees C were studied. All four phenolic compounds significantly extended the induction time of lipid oxidation in olive oil with the order of activity being hydroxytyrosol > compound 1 > compound 2 > oleuropein > alpha- tocopherol; but in the presence of Cu( II), the stability of oil samples containing phenolic compounds decreased by at least 90%, and the antioxidant activity of hydroxytyrosol and compounds 1 and 2 became similar. In oil- in- water emulsions prepared from olive oil stripped of tocopherols, hydroxytyrosol enhanced the prooxidant effect of copper at pH 5.5 but not at pH 7.4. The stability of samples containing copper at pH 5.5 was not significantly different if oleuropein was present from that of the control. Oleuropein at pH 7.4, and compounds 1 and 2 at both pH values tested, reduced the prooxidant effect of copper. The lower stability and the higher reducing capacity of all compounds at pH 7.4 could not explain the higher stability of emulsions containing phenolic compounds at this pH value. However, mixtures containing hydroxytyrosol or oleuropein with copper showed higher 1,1-diphenyl- 2- picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity at pH 7.4 than at pH 5.5. Moreover, the compound 2- copper complex showed higher radical scavenging activity then the uncomplexed compound at pH 5.5. It can be concluded that the formation of a copper complex with radical scavenging activity is a key step in the antioxidant action of the olive oil phenolic compounds in an emulsion containing copper ions.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13098
Uncontrolled Keywords:antioxidants, hydroxytyrosol, Olea europaea, oleuropein, copper, polyphenols, olive oil, 3,4-DHPEA-EA, 3,4-DHPEA-EDA, emulsions, LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN, IRON TRANSPORT COMPOUNDS, PHENOLIC-COMPOUNDS, ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL, NATURAL ANTIOXIDANTS, OXIDATIVE STABILITY, LDL, OXIDATION, OLEA-EUROPAEA, MODEL SYSTEMS, FERRIC IONS

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