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Variation in 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer regions in Photobacterium damselae: a mosaic-like structure

Osorio, C.R., Collins, M.D., Romalde, J.L. and Toranzo, A.E. (2005) Variation in 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer regions in Photobacterium damselae: a mosaic-like structure. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71 (2). pp. 636-645. ISSN 0099-2240

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1128/AEM.71.2.636-645.2005

Abstract/Summary

Phenotypically, Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida and P. damselae subsp. damselae are easily distinguished. However, their 16S rRNA gene sequences are identical, and attempts to discriminate these two subspecies by molecular tools are hampered by their high level of DNA-DNA similarity. The 16S-23S rRNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS) were sequenced in two strains of Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida and two strains of P. damselae subsp. damselae to determine the level of molecular diversity in this DNA region. A total of 17 different ITS variants, ranging from 803 to 296 bp were found, some of which were subspecies or strain specific. The largest ITS contained four tRNA genes (tDNAs) coding for tRNA(Glu(UUC)), tRNA(LyS(UUU)), tRNA(Val(UAC)), and tRNA(Ala(GGC)). Five amplicons contained tRNA(Glu(UUC)) combined with two additional tRNA genes, including tRNA(Lys(UUU)), tRNA(Val(UAC)), or tRNA(Ala(UGC)). Five amplicons contained tRNA(Ile(GAU)) and tRNA(Ala(UGC)). Two amplicons contained tRNA(Glu(UUC)) and tRNA(Val(UGC)). Two different isoacceptor tRNA(Ala) genes (GGC and UGC anticodons) were found. The five smallest amplicons contained no tRNA genes. The tRNA-gene combinations tRNA(Glu(UUC)) -tRNA(Val(UAC)) -tRNA(Ala(UGC)) and tRNA(Glu(UUC)) -tRNA(Ala(UGC)) have not been previously reported in bacterial ITS regions. The number of copies of the ribosomal operon (rrn) in the P. damselae chromosome ranged from at least 9 to 12. For ITS variants coexisting in two strains of different subspecies or in strains of the same subspecies, nucleotide substitution percentages ranged from 0 to 2%. The main source of variation between ITS variants was due to different combinations of DNA sequence blocks, constituting a mosaic-like structure.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13105
Uncontrolled Keywords:VIBRIO-CHOLERAE, RAPID IDENTIFICATION, SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS, SUBSP, PISCICIDA, COPY NUMBER, RRN OPERONS, DNA, RECOMBINATION, ORGANIZATION, BACTERIA

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