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Degradation products of clavulanic acid promote clavulanic acid production in cultures of Streptomyces clavuligerus

Lynch, H.C. and Yang, Y. (2004) Degradation products of clavulanic acid promote clavulanic acid production in cultures of Streptomyces clavuligerus. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 34 (1). pp. 48-54. ISSN 0141-0229

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2003.08.003

Abstract/Summary

The role of clavulanic acid, an unstable antibiotic produced by Streptomyces clavuligerus, in biomass accumulation and production of clavulanic acid in batch cultures of the organism was examined. The organism was grown in a medium containing either 20 g/l lysine, 1 g/l lysine or 1 g/l lysine supplemented with degraded clavulanic acid as nitrogen sources. Biomass accumulation was highest in cultures grown with supplemented degraded clavulanic acid and reached a maximum of 2.2 g/l, compared with 1.5 g/l when lysine only was used. The yield coefficient for clavulanic acid production was again highest in cultures grown with supplemented degraded clavulanic acid, with a Y-p/x, value of 2 mg/g compared with Y-p/x value of 1.5 mg/g in 20 g/l lysine. No clavulanic acid was produced in cultures containing non-supplemented 1 g/l lysine. Non-degraded clavulanic, acid was added at 60 h to non-producing cultures of the organism containing 1 g/l lysine only. Clavulanic acid concentration immediately decreased on addition from 0.04 g/l over a period of 20 h, then remained constant at 0.02 g/l for a further 30 h until the end of the cultivation. This suggests that the rate of degradation was equivalent to the rate of production of clavulanic acid following a period of initial additive degradation. These results indicate that clavulanic acid is both produced and degraded in cultures of S. clavuligerus and that the products of degradation are used by the organism, resulting in further production of the antibiotic. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13187
Uncontrolled Keywords:clavulanic acid decomposition, re-consumption, product induction, biomass accumulation, BETA-LACTAM, BIOSYNTHESIS, CULTIVATIONS, ORIGIN, UNIT

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