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Stress relaxation behavior of wheat dough, gluten, and gluten protein fractions

Li, W., Dobraszczyk, B.J. and Schofield, J.D. (2003) Stress relaxation behavior of wheat dough, gluten, and gluten protein fractions. Cereal Chemistry, 80 (3). pp. 333-338. ISSN 0009-0352

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1094/CCHEM.2003.80.3.333

Abstract/Summary

Relaxation behavior was measured for dough, gluten and gluten protein fractions obtained from the U.K. biscuitmaking flour, Riband, and the U.K. breadmaking flour, Hereward. The relaxation spectrum, in which relaxation times (tau) are related to polymer molecular size, for dough showed a broad molecular size distribution, with two relaxation processes: a major peak at short times and a second peak at times longer than 10 sec, which is thought to correspond to network structure, and which may be attributed to entanglements and physical cross-links of polymers. Relaxation spectra of glutens were similar to those for the corresponding doughs from both flours. Hereward gluten clearly showed a much more pronounced second peak in relaxation spectrum and higher relaxation modulus than Riband gluten at the same water content. In the gluten protein fractions, gliadin and acetic acid soluble glutenin only showed the first relaxation process, but gel protein clearly showed both the first and second relaxation processes. The results show that the relaxation properties of dough depend on its gluten protein and that gel protein is responsible for the network structure for dough and gluten.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13208
Uncontrolled Keywords:MOLECULAR-WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION, FIELD-FLOW FRACTIONATION, SODIUM, DODECYL-SULFATE, SIZE CHARACTERIZATION, POLYMERS, CHROMATOGRAPHY, PERFORMANCE, MALLS

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