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Glutathione and related thiol compounds. I. Glutathione and related thiol compounds in flour

Li, W., Bollecker, S.S. and Schofield, J.D. (2004) Glutathione and related thiol compounds. I. Glutathione and related thiol compounds in flour. Journal of Cereal Science, 39 (2). pp. 205-212. ISSN 0733-5210

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jcs.2003.10.003

Abstract/Summary

The high pressure liquid chromatography method for determination of glutathione in free and protein-bound forms was re-established and has successfully been developed to measure glutathione related thiol compounds, i.e. L-cysteine, gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteine and L-cysteinyl-L-glycine, in both free and protein-bound forms. The natural levels of those compounds in typical strong, weak flours, and flours from 36 wheat varieties grown in the UK were investigated. The total free and protein-bound glutathione compounds found in the 36 UK varieties was 358 +/- 51 and 190 +/- 17 nmol/g, respectively. Multiple correlation analysis did not show a clear-cut relationship between the natural level of glutathione and any related thiol compound in either free or protein-bound forms and flour quality attributes, including rheological properties, baking performance, protein content and SDS sedimentation test values. Therefore, it can be suggested that glutathione and related thiol compounds at natural levels do not lead to significant differences in the rheological properties of dough and the baking performance of flour. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13212
Uncontrolled Keywords:high pressure liquid chromatography, glutathione, related thiol, compounds, flour, WHEAT-FLOUR, RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES, DOUGH, DISULPHIDES, DISULFIDES, PEPTIDES, CYSTEINE

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