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Effects of variation in the palm stearin: palm olein ratio on the crystallisation of a low-trans shortening

Jirasubkunakorn, W., Bell, A.E., Gordon, M.H. and Smith, K.W. (2007) Effects of variation in the palm stearin: palm olein ratio on the crystallisation of a low-trans shortening. Food Chemistry, 103 (2). pp. 477-485. ISSN 0308-8146

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.08.034

Abstract/Summary

Changes in the theological properties during crystallisation and in the crystal size and morphology of blends containing rapeseed oil with varying percentages of palm stearin (POs) and palm olein (POf) have been studied. The crystals formed from all three blends were studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy, light microscopy and environmental scanning electron microscopy, which revealed the development of clusters of 3-5 individual elementary "spherulites" in the early stages of crystallisation. The saturated triacylglycerol content of the solid crystals separated at the onset of crystallisation was much greater than that in the total fat. Fat blends with a higher content of palm stearin had a more rapid nucleation rate when observed by light microscopy, and this caused an earlier change in the rheological properties of the fat during crystallisation. Using a low torque amplitude (0.005 Pa, which was within the linear viscoelastic region of all samples studied) and a frequency of 1 Hz, the viscoelastic properties of melted fat during cooling were studied. All samples, prior to crystallisation, showed weak viscoelastic liquid behaviour (G '', loss modulus >G', storage modulus). After crystallisation a more "solid like" behaviour was observed (G' similar to or greater than G ''). The blend having the highest concentration of POs was found to have the earliest onset of crystallisation (27% w/w POs; 12 mins, 22% w/w POs; 13.5 mins, 17% w/w POs, 15 mins, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in the time to the point when G' became greater than G' among the three blends. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13274
Uncontrolled Keywords:crystallisation, fat, palm olein, palm stearin, rheology, shortening, FAT CRYSTAL NETWORKS, MORPHOLOGY, MICROSTRUCTURE, MARGARINES, PHASE, MODEL, ACID, OIL

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