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Corynebacterium spheniscorum sp nov., isolated from the cloacae of wild penguins

Goyache, J., Vela, A.I., Collins, M.D., Ballesteros, C., Briones, V., Moreno, J., Yorio, P., Dominguez, L., Hutson, R. and Fernandez-Garayzabal, J.F. (2003) Corynebacterium spheniscorum sp nov., isolated from the cloacae of wild penguins. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 53 (1). pp. 43-46. ISSN 1466-5026

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.02343-0

Abstract/Summary

Twenty unidentified Gram-positive, rod-shaped organisms were recovered from the cloacae of apparently healthy wild penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. On the basis of cellular morphology and biochemical criteria, the isolates were tentatively assigned to the genus Corynebacterium, although the organisms did not appear to correspond to any recognized species. Lipid studies confirmed this generic placement, and comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the unidentified organisms represent a hitherto unknown subline, associated with a small subcluster of species that includes Corynebacterium diphtheriae and its close relatives. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown isolates from penguins be classified in the genus Corynebacterium, as Corynebacterium spheniscorum sp. nov. The type strain is strain PG 39(T) (=CCUG 45512(T) =CECT 5986(T)).

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13349
Uncontrolled Keywords:HUMAN CLINICAL SPECIMENS, CORYNEFORM BACTERIA, AEROBIC-BACTERIA, FECES, SHEEP

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